What you need to Consider to start a Chicken Farming Business. Many people like the idea to farm with chickens but has no idea where to start or what financial implications chicken farming have if not done correctly. Don’t worry, it is not as hard as many people think and can be a very profitable business – Farming with Chickens in SA – How to Start
- Flooring (Bedding)
- Fresh Water
- Monitor your Chickens
- Market Research
- Cash Flow and Financial Planning
- After sale Service
- Bio – Security
Bedding for Day Old Chicks
Chickens don’t ask much. You need to get the flooring right on day one. Clean the Chicken Coop once a week if you are farming with broilers, also known as meat chickens.
You can use wood shavings or sawdust that you can collect at your closest sawmill factory. Sawdust works well for broilers, they only need bedding for 6 to 8 weeks before you sell them. We do not recommend that you use sawdust for layers. You should use wood shavings to top up the bedding for the whole layer producing cycle. Watch the video below to see how we did our chicken bedding for the day-old chicks.
Video on Bedding
Chickens Need Fresh Water.
Chickens are very sensitive birds and freshwater must be available at all times. The larger your chicken coop the harder it gets to supply fresh water to the chickens.
Day-old chicks and older chickens go into shock once you move or transport them from one coop to another. Try not to move them, but if you should, ad some brown sugar to their water to calm them.
Water drinkers are expensive, so make your own
In this video below I demonstrate how we made our own automated chicken waterer with recycled materials. It was an easy and fun little project yet saved us a ton of money if we would of bought them at the Agricultural Shops.
How to make your own gravity Fed Chicken Water Drinker
Feeding the Chickens
There are two ways to feed the chickens. Option A – Feed them two to three times per day or Option B let them eat the whole day.
We try our best to make sure that our chickens can walk freely in their coop and our chickens can eat when they want. Chicken feeders can become very expensive and as your business grows into a large scale Chicken Operation feeding becomes harder and more time consuming.
We feed our chickens Starter for the first 14 days and then mix grower in the starter mix for two days. The remainder of their life they will have a grower mix with a finisher at the last week.
Chicken Feeders are pricey, so we decided to make our own
Watch this video below to see how we made Chicken Feeders with Recycled Material – The chicken feeder is easy to make and a fun little project
Monitor your Chickens.
You need to keep an eye on your chickens at all times. Make sure when you produce your own day old chickens or when you buy them that they are vaccinated against all diseases like the pocks or New Castle.
When chickens are not healthy, they will show it fast. Remove sick chickens from the coop as soon as possible to avoid spreading of sickness and diseases like Flu and Merricks.
How do chickens compare from day 1 to week 6
This video will show you the difference between 1 week and 6 week chickens
Market Research – Know how to sell your chickens
The most important step about farming with chickens is the ability to sell your chickens. You need to make sure you have are market ready to start selling your chickens before you consider a chicken farming business.
Selling live chickens to your local market and communities is hard work, risky and takes a lot of time. You need to consider your fuel and wages before you determine the sales price of the chickens. Another financial risk is that, when you are selling live chickens and you don’t sell out, you need to keep on feeding them and again you will lose money if you don’t plan correctly.
Finding an abattoir that is willing to slaughter your chickens for a good price is a challenge. Chicken abattoirs are not cheap and do take a huge chunk of your profit. Plan ahead and make sure that your production and nominal costs are in place before you start a chicken farming business.
Cash Flow and Financial Planning
Like any other business, chicken farming has hidden costs and need financial planning. When planning your chicken business it is vital to think about all the details to determine that your profit is 100% correct. Fuel, packaging and slow sales are mostly not calculated in a business plan and can demotivate a farmer if he does not understand why he/she is not making money.
After sale Service
So many farmers ignore or don’t even care about aftersale service.
After sales can lead to more sales – Once you have made a sale to a client, follow up and see if they are happy with your products and find out where you can improve. Remind them when your service will be available again and offer them a better deal if they order in bulk. Make sure that they have your contact details and business name.
If a farmer is unable to confirm an order in advance, there is no guarantee that he/she will be able to get chicks from a hatchery or secure point of lay pullets when they are needed.
Bio – Security for Chicken Farmers
What does Bio – Security mean? Biosecurity, as originally conceptualized, was a set of preventive measures designed to reduce the risk of transmission of infectious diseases in crops and livestock, quarantined pests, invasive alien species, and living modified organisms.
Having Bio-Security in place is a win win for both your business and customers. Containing diseases and the prevention of virus spread should be considered as important as your farming business. If not done correctly you can loose your flock in days and many won’t recover from disasters such as the New Castle Disease.
What steps should I take Farming with Chickens in SA – How to Start
- Keep unwanted visitors out of your coops
- Spray vehicles down with Virukill before they enter your property
- Have water traps or water buckets at the entrance of your coops so visitors and helpers can clean their boots before entering the coop
- Clean and Spray coops with Virukill after every cycle and rest the coop for at least 2 to 4 days before placing new day-old chicks
- Workers should sanitize before entering the coop
- Workers with Flu should not work in the chicken coop
Farming with Chickens in SA – How to Start
Question: Is Chicken Farming a Profitable Business?
Answer: If planned correctly, Chicken farming can be very profitable. Your profit margin should be around 52%
Question: Do I need a License or Permit to start farming with chickens?
Answer: By South African Law, no you do not need a permit. If you are selling slaughtered chickens from your farm, there is a protocol to follow.
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Farming with Chickens in SA – How to Start